⦁ Urban planning is the science of creating cities, and shaping the physical environment of life in a way that takes into account the multiplicity of goals and interests of all residents, by combining architectural designs, city planning, and landscape architecture. Urban planning addresses the functional and aesthetic qualities of the physical environment based on a set of measures, It includes landscapes of the individual streets, parks, open spaces, and buildings that make up the city or region in general.

⦁ Urban planning is an attempt to create a suitable environment that allows communities to find the necessary means that provide suitable reasons for their residents, that is, to achieve a living framework that provides comfort and luxury within cities.

It is the planning that relates to a new area for the purpose of its reconstruction, or the planning that relates to an area to raise its social level, or that is concerned with laying the economic foundations, so the future party implements the project and clarifies the steps for its implementation and the proper exploitation of the wealth that it contains.

It is setting a development plan to achieve the goals of the community in a specific functional field for a geographical area within a specific time frame.

Urban design definitions

⦁ It is the science and art that deals with (voids, paths, intersections, squares, buildings, green spaces, etc.) and through it a character can be determined for the area and a personality for the place and communication can be achieved between the building and the space surrounding it and it is concerned with beauty through the formation of the physical environment with its various dimensions and covers material and non-material aspects and has multiple interests .

⦁ It is a multi-system approach that solves complex and different urban problems and links architectural sites, transportation, communications, and social, political, urban, and economic planning aspects.

⦁ Urban design is the science that describes the physical features that determine the character or image of a street, neighborhood, community, or city as a whole.

Urban design is also a science and art that is more concerned with the level of a single building, as in architectural design, and less than the level of the city as a whole, as in urban planning. It has a phased level that mediates planning and architecture.

Landscaping engineering definitions

⦁ Landscape architecture is the study and practice of designing environments (outdoors and indoors) at varying scales that include elements of art, environment, architecture, engineering, and sociology.

⦁ Landscape architecture can be defined as “the art of composing terrain, water, vegetation, buildings, paving, and climate to create a good outdoor space.”

⦁ The art and practice of designing the outdoor environment, especially designing parks or gardens to blend in with buildings and roads.

The art of arranging or modifying landmarks

landscapes, urban areas, etc. for aesthetic reasons.

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